Lymphocytic Plasmacytic Gingivitis Stomatits is a specific type of gingivitis or gum inflammation that occurs in cats. The felines with this illness have an abnormal often progressive allergic reaction to the plaque that develops on and along their teeth resulting in a severe, painful, malodorous swelling and possible ulceration/cobblestone appearance along the gum line. Purebred cats are predisposed to this malady; but it can occur in any feline. The underlying cause of this problem is not known.
Cats that have this disease can have difficulty eating dry food, bad breath, and loose weight. Drooling, a preference for canned food, poor appetite and/or inappetance, and an unkempt coat can also be present. On examination there can be inflammation and/or ulceration along the gum line as well as throughout all of the soft tissues surfaces of the mouth. In severe cases, the tissues surfaces are so swollen that they bleed. Infection that is present in the mouth can spread to other organs of the body such as kidney and liver, causing damage and possible failure.
Treatment is often life-long. Routine dental cleanings help the majority of these patients by removing plaque both above and below the gum line. Oral rinses, brushing, and other routine oral care products help to diminish symptoms by reducing plaque formation. Products to reduce inflammation such as steroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can help to minimize swelling and pain. Antibiotics can also decrease flair ups. In severe cases, the teeth that are behind the canines may need to be extracted. Immune regulating medications may also be helpful.
Protect your feline’s oral health with routine preventative oral cleanings, home care, and annual or bi-annual veterinary examinations.